par Iran Asil Association, jeudi 25 mars 2010, à 11:53
The Asil ( Arabian ) horse was known in the Middle-east and the world of Islam, long before the west became acquainted with it.
The first records of civilization in the Middle-East were in the region known to us as Mesopotamia. Here, some five thousand years ago three civilizaions flourished, that of the Babylonians, the Assyrians and the Elamites. Each had as its center cities whose names went down in ancient history.
The Babylonians had Babylon, close to the situation of present Baghdad, the Assyrians Ninevah, close to present Mosul, and the Elamites Susa, site of existant Shush. The Elamites were attacked and conquered by the Assyrians. The Assyrians and Babylonians in their turn were demolished by the Achemenians, who, founded a vast empire for Persia.
Darius and Cyrus the Great gaining world reknown, Susa becoming one of their winter capitals. When their time was up the Achemenians surrendered to Alexander the Great, whose feats were cut short by his early death. After that came other rulers in Persia, but, those pertinent to Mesopotamia were the Selucids, Parthians and Sassanians.
Ctesphone, site of present Kirkuk in todays Iraq, became the cen ter of power. With the supremacy of the rule of the Caliphehs ofIslam, present day Baghdad flourished and remained the capitol of the Islamic world, culture, and sovereignty till about six hundred years ago.
Thus, during this long passage of time, a triangle formed by Baghdad, Mosul, Shush, not over seven to eight thousand square kilometers, contained the hub of Middle-Eastern civilization, in which, it is seen, horses existed from the beginning. There are no records of flood, famine, invasions ect. that would have depleted his region of human and animal life.
By reason of common- sense Mesopotamia as a region within the boundaris of four big rivers. From " The Heritage of Persia " by R. N. Frye Professor of arvard University pg. 11